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PHILOSOPHY PATHWAYS electronic journal


P H I L O S O P H Y   P A T H W A Y S                   ISSN 2043-0728

Issue No. 204
16th September 2016


Edited by Eric George

I. 'Ross Contra Dillard' by Matthew Su

II. 'Is it Immoral to Kill Animals?' by Wyle Tan

III. 'Desensitization from a Gra(e)y Morality: A Rejoinder to Ole
Martin Moen's Philosophical Review of 50 Shades of Grey' by Ivan
Brian L. Inductivo

From the List Manager

IV. Ask a Philosopher: Call for Authors

V. More Kindle News



Morality and the mind, very profound topics for philosophical
investigation and reflection, indeed for this issue of Philosophy
Pathways we have one essay on the philosophy of mind and two essays
to do with morality, all of which are from three very capable
philosophers and from differing angles. When academic thinkers have
something of an intellectual sparring match between each other on a
given subject, it is always interesting to obtain a third party
opinion on the crossing of swords of such erudite champions.
Interesting because, depending on whether this third party opinion is
lent in support of one or the other champions, does much to truly
offer some sort of extra layer of well-informed judgement on why one
champion or the other is striking, parrying well enough or... isn't



(c) Eric George 2016

Email: ps.egeorge@gmail.com

About the editor:



James Ross's argument from determinacy to the immateriality of some
aspects of thought, is an oft-neglected member of the family of
arguments which draw immaterialist conclusions about the nature of
the mind. Rather than seeking an immaterialist account of 'qualia'
(i.e., the non-quantitative aspects of the world), or of
intentionality (the capacity of thought to be "about" something
else), Ross's argument focuses on the 'determinacy' of thought- its
capacity to think about and carry out particular formal functions.
His argument that thought is determinate where no physical system can
be has roots in classical Platonist and Aristotelian accounts of the
intellect, but Ross motivates his argument by reference to modern
sceptical puzzles. This paper will set out the argument and affirm
Ross's conclusion. Two main objections by Peter Dillard to Ross's
argument will be considered: first, that Ross does not show formal
thinking to be necessarily determinate, because alternatives are
possible; second, that Ross has not shown thought, even if it is
'indeterminate,' to be genuinely sui generis and thus Ross does not
demonstrate that thought is immaterial. I argue that each of these
arguments fails [...]



(c) Matthew Su 2016

Email: matthewsu@hotmail.com



In recent years numerous questions were raised about the morality of
killing and eating animals. Do animals have right to live and not
made to suffer? Should people stop eating animal meat? Should laws be
enacted to protect animal rights? This essay suggests the following
two theses. 1) Animal rights arguments are not logically conclusive,
2) Someone may develop reasons in the future, but for now, there is
no morally compelling reason to stop eating animal meat. I shall
address various major arguments for animal rights and their
weaknesses [...]



(c) Wyle Tan 2014-6

Email: mangroveedu@gmail.com



50 Shades of Grey has provided the public a "peep" on the enterprise
of BDSM (Bondage and Discipline with Sadism and Masochism). Print and
big screen depiction of BDSM is not an entirely novel as a topic for
quite a many as interminable as other morally disturbing dilemma and
realities. However, it has become a recent hype which tends to
question the way we look, understand, and even subtly or largely
accept this theme. As Prof. Ole Martin Moen's statement, "it seeks to
challenge common stereotypes". Although at the end, he revoke by
stating that it is yet to be made clear. Nonetheless, it triggered
the way many of us think of convention, power neutrality of
relationships, moral and psychological perception to deviancies, just
to name a few. But what is more alarming and why philosophers ought to
poke their noses on this topic are the ethical implications of the
public's reception of the story, i.e., how the story may potentially
desensitizes the public from BDSM. This paper intends to be a
rejoinder, not much of a reply to an argument but a continuing
philosophical review initiated by Prof. Ole Martin Moen on his
article on 50 Shades of Grey [..]



(c) Ivan Brian L. Inductivo 2016

Email: ivaninductivo@gmail.com



On 3rd September, the following announcement was posted on the
Philosophy e-list Philos-L moderated by Professor Stephen Clark at
Liverpool University:

     I am pleased to report that 'Ask a Philosopher' launched in
     1999 is still going strong. We are currently looking for new
     panel members.
     Panel members become authors of the Ask a Philosopher blog
     You will need to have, or create a Wordpress account. Once
     you have joined the blog, you are free to post answers at
     any time.
     One nice feature of this system is that you can reblog your
     answers on your own Wordpress blog.
     Questions can be accessed by solving a simple puzzle here:
     When you have got past our spam filter, click the link
     'View Questions'. You can bookmark this page so that it
     isn't necessary to repeat the process ad nauseam.
     That's all there is to it. Questions and answers are
     moderated. We are not above ruffling a few feathers or
     causing moderate offence, but generally a polite response
     to what might seem a silly or badly thought out question
     usually works best.
     I look forward to hearing from you!
     Geoffrey Klempner
     Pathways to Philosophy

In response to the Philos-L post, three academic philosophers have
joined the Ask a Philosopher Panel:

Paul Fagan holds a PhD from the University of Hull. His interests
include political philosophy and environmental philosophy. He is a
member of the Society for Applied Philosophy. Prior to becoming a
philosopher Paul worked in business.

Sara L. Uckelman is a lecturer in philosophy at Durham University.
Her research interests include logic and philosophy of language.

Billy Wheeler is currently Teaching Fellow in the Science and
Technology Studies department, University College London, and Head of
the Department for Philosophy and Religion at King Edward VI Grammar
School, Essex.

I very much hope that more will join Ask a Philosopher. The normal
minimum qualification is a BA in Philosophy. There is no maximum

In the light of the high quality of the University of London
International Programme for BA (Hons) in Philosophy, students who
have successfully completed at least one year of study are also
welcome to apply to join the Ask a Philosopher Panel.

Please write to the moderator of Ask a Philosopher, Geoffrey
Klempner, at klempner@fastmail.net.

(c) Geoffrey Klempner 2016

Email: klempner@fastmail.net



Following the publication of Philosophizer on Kindle
(http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B01J0L19KE) announced in Issue 203 of
Philosophy Pathways, two more Kindle eBooks by Geoffrey Klempner have

First published in 1994, Naive Metaphysics tackles one of the
fundamental questions of philosophy: what kind of fact is it that I
am here, now, in a world  when I (seemingly) might not have existed
at all? What is it to be a subject facing out onto a world which
contains other similar subjects?

     Naive Metaphysics: a theory of subjective and objective worlds

Submitted to the University of Oxford for the D.Phil in 1982, The
Metaphysics of Meaning is still arguably ahead of its time -- in its
radical critique of theories of meaning and the proposal of an
alternate 'dialectics' of language, its interpretation of the
philosophies of Kant and Wittgenstein, and the treatment of realism
about truth and meaning as a 'metaphysical illusion'.

     The Metaphysics of Meaning

Meanwhile, reviews of Philosophizer by Philosophy Pathways
contributors D.R. Khashaba and Richard Schain have appeared on Amazon
UK and US.

D.R. Khashaba writes:

     Here is philosophy with a difference. At the heart of
     Klempner's amazing book is the problem of problems: What is
     it to be? Parmenides some twenty-six centuries ago summed up
     all we can say about Reality in the little word esti, it is.
     Klempner formulates the problem in the quaintly sounding
     'What is is?' Here then we have the gist of all
     metaphysics. But rather than a cold, parched sequence of
     deductive arguments we find ourselves regaled with live,
     throbbing confrontations with the puzzles of being in
     contemplations, thought experiments, and reminiscences. I
     pick up a few of the chapter headings to indicate how
     variegated the approach is, how rich the fare. 'I exist
     therefore what?', 'The dark side of life', 'Return of the
     evil demon', 'Photography as metaphysics' (which I
     particularly found inspiring), 'Herr Doktor Faust', etc.,
     etc. The reader is not faced with finished doctrines or
     theories but is constantly challenged to wonder and to
     puzzle, which is the best a philosophy book can do.

Richard Schain writes:

     This writing represents an entirely new way of presenting
     the perennial 'questions' of philosophy. It might be
     compared to James Joyce's impact on literature with the
     publication of 'Ulysses,' Jack Kerouac with 'On The Road,'
     or even Plato's use of dialogues to express his ideas. The
     work is presented as a stream of consciousness stemming
     from Klempner's interior self searching for 'reality'
     (truth, meaning). As he himself proclaims, he 'is singing
     his heart out.' Given the author's vast erudition in
     philosophy, his experiences as a teacher and editor, and
     his participation in a diverse range of arts such as
     photography, music, and more, the end result of his writing
     is quite remarkable. No one who is familiar with Geoffrey
     Klempner's past career would have expected him to produce
     such a barrier-breaking work. Moreover, the style is
     consistent and larded with restrained humor; he handles the
     most abstruse philosophical topics in a manner accessible to
     general readers. However, it needs to be read slowly in
     order to intelligently absorb the contents. A familiarity
     with the icons of western philosophy is helpful.
     'Philosophizer' illustrates a principle I have maintained
     for years, that philosophy is an art form where the ideas
     are the art. Klempner shows himself with this book to be a
     master of the philosophic form of literary art.

-- Coming from Independent Philosophers for whom I have the highest
respect, these responses are extremely gratifying.

If you would like to receive a free review copy in MOBI or PDF format
of any of my three Kindle eBooks, please write to me at

(c) Geoffrey Klempner 2016

Email: klempner@fastmail.net

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