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PHILOSOPHY PATHWAYS electronic journal


P H I L O S O P H Y   P A T H W A Y S                   ISSN 2043-0728

Issue No. 202
29th June 2016

Edited by Hubertus Fremerey


I. 'Yogananda: A great Educator and his philosophy' by Dr. Bibhas
Kanti Mandal and Dr. Monoranjan Bhowmik

II. 'Industrial transitioning as literary poltergeists: Henry James
and the Ghosts of Modernity' by Carolyn Lawrence, Ed.D

III. 'Some Thoughts On A Timely Philosophy' by Hubertus Fremerey


From the List Manager

IV. New format for Philosophy Pathways

V. Sanja Ivic European Identity and Citizenship published by
Palgrave Macmillan

VI. Conference on 'Modes of the Unconscious' at the University of



This issue of Pathways is edited by Hubertus Fremerey from Bonn
Germany. For a short bio look up

My lifelong interest (I am now 76) was/ is in understanding our time
in all its aspects -- not only philosophically, but not only
technically either. I am currently working on a book that will show
the outcome of these efforts.

The title of my essay is a hint at Hegels "Philosophy is its time
apprehended in thoughts." The citation is from "Preface to the
Philosophy of Right" (see
It reads in full : "To apprehend what is is the task of
philosophy, because what is is reason. As for the individual, every
one is a son of his time; so philosophy also is its time apprehended
in thoughts. It is just as foolish to fancy that any philosophy can
transcend its present world, as that an individual could leap out of
his time... If a theory transgresses its time, and builds up a world
as it ought to be, it has an existence merely in the unstable element
of opinion, which gives room to every wandering fancy." Well, this is
"objective idealism" which is Hegel but not me.

Presented here ahead of my own essay and contrasting it are two
pieces that too refer to the modern world, but from totally different
perspectives [...]

Read more:




On one afternoon of showering Shravana, the two young monks set their
foot on the soil of Bolpur Railway Station, West-Bengal, India. They
were welcomed to the Ashram of Santiniketan. The poet of our great
poets, the creator of art, the Noble Laureate, Rabindranath was
sitting at his newly planted grove, at Santiniketan. The young monks,
Yogananda and Saytananda appeared before him. Recollecting that remote
past of 1917, Satyananda wrote: The epoch-making Teacher of
character-building education Rabindranath, remarked firmly with
smiling face, ''What ever system of education might be adopted, it
does not matter. I have nothing to say. But I have one humble request
that you will give a little freedom to the children. Our children were
snubbed from childhood onwards, so their inner beauty slowly faded. In
child hood they had to face the chastisement of most of the parents
and teachers. In their young age, they were reprimanded and censured
by the boss. How much can one tolerate? Let the flower of joy blossom
in their face."1 The words of 'liberty of joy' that dropped from the
lips of our great Acharya, have been manifested in the education of
Yogananda. In the educational institution set up at Dihika, they have
wanted the same system to education. The tune of harmonious note of
the two great men delighted Sytananda immensely; this is because, in
the education system of both of them, the naturalism and the
pragmatism have been assimilated in one. It is through the communion
of life with activity, activity with religion, religion with science,
and science with the welfare of mankind that education will be an
integral part of life and through this, the all round development of
humanity is possible. Swami Yogananda framed that system of education
in collaboration with his associates [...]

Read more:




With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution, England transitioned
from a mainly agricultural setting to one of urban sprawl and
impoverished, voiceless entities, who rose with the sun to work and
mourned the lack of individual freedoms as the sun slowly set at
twilight. With the growing darkness of soot filled skies, the
classicism within England grew farther apart and the crevasse between
the employers and the employed did not go unnoticed by creatives.
Authors such Charles Dickens and painters like William Hogarth noted
the disparity occurring within the streets of England, how this Age
of Enlightenment, this time of industry was eroding the moral and
emotional fabric of the people it was allegedly trying to inspire.
Dickens essentially exposed the darker pitfalls of orphaned children
working for their keep in David Copperfield (Stearns & Burns 2011).
Hogarth championed for taxation on gin production to reduce gin
sales, in an effort to reduce the alcoholism within London (Royal
College of Physicians 2015). It was also Hogarth who believed that
Enlightenment was the focal point for poverty, misery and ruin,
causing a moral bankruptcy throughout (Sayre 2013). For Henry James,
a product of the declination of society through industry and a
witness to the rise of the psychoanalysis, the relationship between
work and worker had become strained. What once was a nurturing of
ethics and moral aptitude had broken the spirit of Londoners, leaving
an indelible mark about the psyche of the country. Trying to pick up
from such grievous poverty, rampant alcoholism and cruel work
environments, cities around the world attempted to reconcile the
relationship they had with industry, but however broken it was, one
thing was for certain: it still haunted them every day [...]

Read more:




When he wrote "It is just as foolish to fancy that any philosophy can
transcend its present world, as that an individual could leap out of
his time", Hegel was right : Picasso could copy Raphael, but Raphael
could not see the world as Picasso could, since the time has not yet
come to see the world this way. One always may copy what has been,
but one never could jump ahead of ones time. So what does it mean to
"apprehend" the world ? What does it mean to "see" things that are
not there and to miss other things that are before our eyes ? To
apply this question to our time is what I am trying to do -- not as a
painter but as a philosopher.

The period from the French Revolution in 1789 through the Great War
until its end in 1918 has been called "the long 19th century" (of the
Occident). One may add a preparatory phase of "Rousseauism" from 1750
and the event of the "Declaration of Independence" of the newly
forming "United States of America" in 1776.

During these some 170 years the "old order" of the Occident,
dominated by the churches and by kingdoms and the landed gentry
transformed into the "new order" of citizens and the industrial mass
society. Rousseauism and Romanticism were essentially "bourgeois"
movements, addressing -- like the novel -- the individual [...]

Read more:




From this issue of Philosophy Pathways onwards we will be publishing
articles in PDF, following the trend towards PDF as the standard
format for e-publishing. While retaining the same 'look' as before,
issues of Philosophy Pathways that arrive in your email Inbox will be
a lot shorter. By clicking, or if necessary cut-and-pasting the
article links, you will be able to access the original article in
full and in the format devised by the author(s).

This approach has a number of benefits, apart from brevity. Articles
in PDF will be much easier to print off, compared to the web
formatting of previous issues about which a number of readers have
complained. (Unfortunately, applying this scheme to all 201 of the
past issues would be a mammorth task and is unlikely to be undertaken
in the near future!)

A benefit for authors will be the possibility of substituting a
corrected version of the article should any errors escape the editing

Pathways Editors will find that their task is made easier, as all
they have to do is indicate which articles from the submissions
folder that they would like to select. In addition, the freeing up of
space will allow Editors to write longer introductions, or, if they
wish, extended essays commenting on the articles they have selected.

All article links point to a directory on the Pathways to Philosophy
web site at http://www.philosophypathways.com.



Sanja Ivic is a member of the Board of the International Society for
Philosophers http://www.isfp.co.uk and the Editor of ISFP publishing
http://www.isfp.co.uk/publishing/. Her new book European Identity and
Citizenship: Between Modernity and Postmodernity published by Palgrave
Macmillan could not have come at a more opportune time, with the UK
Referendum vote to leave the European Union just days away.

The ISFP has no political affiliations and no view -- official or
otherwise -- on rights or wrongs of European Union membership.
However, an excellent answer by Ask a Philosopher panel member Graham
Hackett http://askaphilosopher.wordpress.com/2016/06/15/2258/
discussing the moral obligation to go out and vote, cites the example
of the majority voting decision to call the NERC polar vessel 'Boaty
McBoatface'. 'The director of NERC felt that this compromised the
reputation and integrity of his organisation so much, that he felt he
had no option but to ignore the democratic choice in favour of the
name 'RRS David Attenborough' -- which had only been the fifth most
popular choice in the electors list. What does this tell us about
democracy, and its ability to deliver correct decisions?'

It is not beyond the bounds of possibility that a similar decision in
respect of the Brexit vote could conceivably be taken by the party in
power, if it thought that it was strong enough to withstand the
predictable backlash. Many would be pleased. Others would rally to
defend the Revolution.

Regardless of the Brexit vote, the UK remains part of Europe, and UK
citizens are, first and foremost, Europeans. What that means,
however, is not a straightforward matter -- hence the motivation for
Sanja Ivic's book which anyone interested in this issue will want to

For more details of Sanja Ivic's book go to:




Dear Sir,

Would you be so kind and announce the conference 'Modes of the
Unconscious' of German Society of Phenomenological Anthropology,
Psychiatry and Psychotherapy' (DGAP):

Intended audience:

Philosophers, phenomenologists, psychiatrists, psychologists,
cultural scientists and researchers on related fields


New University of Heidelberg, University Square, Lecture Hall 14, 2nd
Date: October 13th - 14th 2016

Scientific Committee:

Prof. Dr. Dr. Thomas Fuchs, Section of Phenomenology of the
Department of General Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg

Dr. Stefan Kistensen, Dept. of Art History, University of Geneva

Detailed information: www.modes-of-the-unconscious.unitt.de

Registration: Early registration possible until August 31th

Thank you very much in advance.

Best regards
Thomas Fuchs

Prof. Thomas Fuchs, MD, PhD
Karl Jaspers-Professor of Philosophy and Psychiatry
Head of the Section Phenomenological Psychopathology
Psychiatric Department, University of Heidelberg
D-69115 Heidelberg / Germany
Phone: +49(0)6221 56 4755
e-mail: thomas.fuchs@med.uni-heidelberg.de
e-mail: Rixta.Fambach@med.uni-heidelberg.de

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